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In the Good Old Days Antiques Corner This Week in History
This Week in History

R-E-S-P-E-C-T, A Captured U-Boat, and the Drive-In

-- On June 3, 1967: Respect, performed by Aretha Franklin, reached No. 1 on the Billboard charts. The chart-topping song was the future Queen of Soul's best-known hit and she earned two Grammy Awards for it: Best Rhythm & Blues Recording and Best Rhythm & Blues Solo Vocal Performance, Female. Respect highlighted Franklin's powerful and soulful singing voice. The song was later inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. In 1987, Franklin became the first woman inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame for her many contributions to music.

-- On June 4, 1944: The United States captured German U-boat U-505. It was one of only six U-boats captured by the allies during World War II. On May 15, 1944, a United States task group began searching for U-boats that were reported near Cape Verde, the island country located off the coast of Africa. During their search, the task group encountered the sonar for U-505 and attacked the U-boat. The U-boat crew was ordered to abandon ship. While some steps were taken by the U-boat's crew to sink it, the scuttling attempt was unsuccessful. An American boarding party was able to stop the submarine from sinking and secured German charts and code books which helped allied code breakers. U-505 also contained acoustic homing torpedoes, which were studied and tested in order to help improve American torpedoes. U-505 was towed to Bermuda and the 58 members of the U-boat's crew became prisoners of war and were transported to Louisiana. The U-boat was kept in Bermuda to be examined but was painted to look like a United States submarine and renamed the USS Nemo in order to keep its capture a secret. In 1954, nine years after the end of the war, the U-boat was donated to the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago. After the donation, the museum contacted German manufacturers for replacement parts, which the German manufacturers supplied to the museum for free.

-- On June 6, 1933: The first patented drive-in movie theater was opened in Camden, N.J., with the movie Wives Beware, starring Adolphe Menjou. Richard Hollingshead Jr. originally worked on the idea of creating a way for people to more comfortably watch a movie by watching it from a vehicle. He developed the idea for elevating cars with small ramps so that people could easily see the movie screen, and he received a patent for a drive-in movie theater in May 1933. This patent was subsequently overturned in 1949. At the top of their popularity, there were approximately 4,000 drive-ins in the United States. Over time, many drive-ins have disappeared and there are now only about 400 drive-ins still being enjoyed throughout the entire country.

-- Compiled by M. Moeller

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